Mies in Berlin

architectuul:

Mies van der Rohe created a Modern Berlin Temple in 1968. The structure itself became the most amazing modernist building. 

image

The New Nationalgalery view from north-west (1968). | Photo © Balthazar Korab at the Library of Congress & KorabImage

image

The pre-stressed steel roof is supported by eight columns. | Photo © Reinhard Friedrich; Archiv Neue Nationalgalerie, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin

The museum lobby has the most dramatic interior design as walls are almost entirely glass, interrupted only with slim metal structural supports.

image

The construction of the lift slab system. | Photo © Heinz Oeter

image

Mies in the car before the roof inspection (5.4.1967). | Photo © Heinz Oeter

image
image

The massive roof was prefabricated on site and raised to its final position by using an array of hydraulic jacks. | Photo © Staatliche Museen Berlin

image

The steel roof structure was lowered onto eight supports (5. April 1967). | Photo © SMB Zentralarchiv

image

The building view from Potsdamer Strasse. | Photo © Ute Zscharnt for David Chipperfield Architects

The building has had no modernization since its inauguration. When asked later to renovate and expand the building’s lower story, Mies refused, as to do so would destroy the perfect proportions of the temple above. He originally conceived of the entrance pavilion as a place for very large works, allowing for visual interaction and for use of the piece as space element in itself. 

image

The renovation by David Chipperfield Architects started in 2015. | Photo © Ute Zscharnt for David Chipperfield Architects

David Chipperfield was chosen for the renovation project, which is expected to be finished in 2020. His renovation of this modern building is based on archeological strategy. Around 30.000 pieces were removed, will be cleaned and bring back to the site.

image
image

Dismantling of the cloakroom and staircase in the upper hall. | Photo © Ute Zscharnt for David Chipperfield Architects

image

The exhibition space in lower ground floor. | Photo © Thomas Bruns for David Chipperfield Architects

image

The structural framework of the roof on eight steel beams and the glass facade will be restored. | Photo © Ute Zscharnt for David Chipperfield Architects

At the 16th Docomomo Germany and 3rd RMB Conference in Berlin Chipperfield described that “the fabric is the factor of the renovation. Rebuilding the same building doesn’t include the fabric. Also if we have the same bricks we don’t save the heritage with its reconstruction.” He also stressed that we “shall not reject the development. It must me involved in the planning process so that a city doesn’t become a museum.” 


%d bloggers like this: