Designed by Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke, The Monument stands as both a commemoration of the devastating Great Fire of London and as a celebration of the city being rebuilt.
It marks the spot where the Great Fire began on 2 September 1666 at Thomas Farriner’s Pudding Lane bakery.
The fire raged for four days and destroyed the City of London, including around 13,000 homes, 87 parish churches and the old St Paul’s Cathedral.
The Monument is a giant Doric column topped by a golden urn of flames, which in certain lights really does appear to be on fire. London was reborn from the ashes of the fire as a healthier, more open and better planned city, with homes built from brick and stone rather than wood.