USINE S

USINE S

Sheep wool contains many impurities, such as lanolin (wool fat) and suint (sweat wool). Traditionally, wool washing was done directly in the river or by means of alkaline and hot baths in tubs and special machines. However, the lanolin, which is insoluble in water, could not be separated with this procedure. This factory, which was established at the beginning of the 20th century, used a new and revolutionary process, imported from the United Stated, which consisted of treating the fatty wool with naphtha or petroleum gasoline. This absolutely neutral product does not affect the fiber of the wool and only leaves it the percentage of fat that is needed to maintain its natural flexibility and elasticity. The naphtha is subsequently removed from the remaining wool by evaporation. Another interesting result of the “solventage” was the recovery of the fat extracted from the wool: completely pure lanolin. One of the various uses of wool-extracted lanolin was the manufacture of pharmaceutical soap and lanolin for the maintenance of hides and skins, but it can also be used in the preparation of oils, fat, wax, ointments, consistent fats, and so on.


CHAPELLE DE LA ROSE

CHAPELLE DE LA ROSE

At the end of the 13th century a convent was erected on the instructions of a noble lady who lived in this town. The convent at the same time served as a hospital and a monastery for the Augustinian sisters, who were responsible for the care of the sick. Barring a short interruption at the time of the French Revolution, they continued to do so until the early 1980s. The hospital had since been transformed into a nursing home. After the sisters’ departure, the retirement home was taken over by the local government.

The showpiece of the monastery was this late Gothic chapel, founded in the early 17th century. For a long time it was a place of pilgrimage for the cure of intestinal disorders. During a fire in the early 2000s, part of the monastery was destroyed, but fortunately the chapel was spared. In its current state, the chapel consists of two parts: the original chapel, constructed in late Gothic style from brick and bluestone. An extension in neoclassical style, dating from the mid-19th century, formed a physical connection between the existing chapel and the hospital, to give patients the opportunity to attend the worship services from the balcony. At the back of the chapel, on the left, you can still see the old refectory, also built in brick and blue stone with a beautiful vintage facade from the early 17th century.


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