MISSION TO MARS
These special “dome greenhouses” are located in a far corner of an almost 35-acres monastery garden. The garden itself was mentioned for the first time around 1805. It was then laid out in the form of an English garden. Until 2005 the park was privately owned, after which it was bought by the city, which made it available to the public as a public facility. This beautiful former monastery garden had been degrading for years, because the nuns could only perform the most necessary tasks. With the takeover by the city, the park was brought back to life and the more than 200 year old private garden was transformed into a park for the citizens. The ponds were detoxified, the undergrowth was removed from the park and everything was cleaned. By that time, the whole estate was included on the list of heritage to be protected.
These spectacular domes were built in 1987. The domes served as greenhouse learning facilities to offer the long-term unemployed in a nursery training and thus give them a new perspective on integration into the labor market. The design of the domes can be traced back to the American engineer and philosopher Richard Buckminster Fuller. He experimented for NASA to find the most energetic-synergetic form. His pavilion “Biosphere”, designed for the EXPO 1967 in Montreal, a huge 200 feet high geodesic dome was admired worldwide. These greenhouses are in fact refined geometric shapes, so-called geodesic domes. The surface consists of a series of alternating hexagonal and pentagonal surfaces. Well assembled, they result in spherical, self-supporting buildings. They can be connected to each other endlessly. 24 such greenhouses were built and grouped in different “bullet families”. The domes are not only very intelligent buildings, because they can sustain without support, they also optimized to defy weather and wind. The city, as the new owner of the surrounding park, is currently working in consultation with the private owner of the greenhouses to reopen the project as a learning facility.